Common Questions

Cardiology Common Questions

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Cardiology is a medical specialty that focuses on the diagnosis and treatment of heart-related conditions, including heart diseases, heart defects, and issues with blood vessels.

 

Common symptoms of heart disease include chest pain or discomfort, shortness of breath, fatigue, palpitations, dizziness, and swelling in the ankles, feet, or legs.

 

Managing high blood pressure typically involves lifestyle changes such as adopting a heart-healthy diet, regular exercise, weight management, and, if necessary, prescribed medications.

 

Common risk factors for heart disease include high blood pressure, high cholesterol, smoking, diabetes, obesity, a sedentary lifestyle, and a family history of heart disease.

 

A stress test is a diagnostic procedure that evaluates how well the heart performs under stress (exercise or medication-induced), helping detect coronary artery disease and assess exercise capacity.

 

Preventing heart disease involves adopting a heart-healthy lifestyle, including a balanced diet, regular exercise, not smoking, managing stress, and maintaining a healthy weight.

 

Heart failure is managed through medications, lifestyle changes, and, in advanced cases, devices such as pacemakers or implantable cardioverter-defibrillators (ICDs).

 

A cardiologist is a medical doctor specializing in heart health, diagnosing and treating heart conditions, and providing preventive care to maintain cardiovascular wellness.

 

Yes, a family history of heart disease can increase your risk. It’s important to discuss your family history with your cardiologist for appropriate screenings and preventive measures.

 

During a heart attack, call emergency services immediately. Chew an aspirin if you’re not allergic, and stay as calm as possible until help arrives.

 

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